Bachata is a dance from the Dominican Republic. Both the music and the dance have been influenced by Cuban Bolero, the Merengue, Salsa and Cumbia. Bachata music has four beats per measure. In Bachata dancing, the dancer takes three steps to four beats of music. As with Salsa, the step timing is three steps and then a one-beat pause. The knees are flexed on the steps. Given its humble origins, the steps are flat footed. The chasse basic is three steps in one direction (side-close-side-tap or touch) and the same pattern in the the other direction. Nightclub dancers add a lift or hip motion on the tap/touch step.
Bachata is danced solo, in two-hand hold, open embrace and close embrace. In social parties and dancers, the first three are quite common, while in night clubs, close embrace is the vogue.