American Smooth is a form of ballroom dancing and includes dances as: Foxtrot, Waltz, Tango, Viennese Waltz.
American Rhythm is equivalent of Latin Dancing and includes dances as: Cha Cha, Rumba, Swing, Bolero, Mambo, Salsa, Merengue, Bachata and Samba.
First, all the steps for the leader start on the left foot, and all the steps for the follower start on the right foot. This removes the necessity of trying to remember which steps follow others. Any step can be used from any other step. Secondly, partners are not required to maintain contact. Under-arm turns, spins, shadow positions and parallel positions are all possible. This gives a greater variety of exciting and interesting variations.